Abdominal aortic aneurysm (also called Triple A or AAA)
The abdominal aorta, one of the largest arteries in the belly, allows blood to pass from the heart to the rest of the body. An abdominal aortic aneurysm is a weakening in the wall of the artery which causes a bulge to develop. The primary risk from having an abdominal aneurysm is a rupture, which can lead to death from massive bleeding. This disease has been cited as the 13th leading cause of death in the U.S. Once an AAA ruptures, there is about a 30 to 50 percent chance that a patient will die before ever reaching a hospital: this means that early detection and quick repair are extremely important.
The removal or medical destruction of biological tissue, usually used to close off blood flow through a particular vessel. Often involves using tightly focused laser or radio frequency waves to generate heat for the procedure (thermal ablation).
An outpatient procedure that removes veins in the leg through small incisions.
The surgical removal of a body part that has suffered from prolonged lack of oxygen, which has caused damage beyond repair.
An aneurysm is an abnormal enlargement or bulging of a blood vessel and is the result of a segment of the vessel becoming weak and unable to withstand the pressure of the blood flowing through it. The bulge generally appears at the weakest part of the vessel, starting out small and growing as the pressure continues to build.
A test performed by a radiologist that involves placing a needle into a blood vessel - either an artery or a vein - and injecting a dye that is visible on x-ray images. This test can help screen for vascular issues that can be treated from inside the blood vessel using minimally invasive surgery, rather than having to undergo general surgery using anesthesia to fix the problem. For example, we can use a small incision to send a balloon and/or stent through the blood vessel to open up a narrow or blocked area. This is an outpatient procedure that usually takes about an hour to perform.
Angioplasty (or stenting)
A treatment for venous or arterial disease. This procedure opens a blockage or narrowing with a small balloon and/or by placing a permanent small metal tube - a stent - that holds the vessel open to allow blood flow.
Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI)
An exam that takes pressure measurements at the ankle and arm. The process is similar to taking your blood pressure. This exam helps identify if and where a blockage may exist.
The abdominal aorta, one of the largest arteries in the belly, allows blood to pass from the heart to the rest of the body. When the aorta reaches the pelvic region, it branches off toward each leg to become the left and right iliac arteries. If either of these arteries becomes narrowed or blocked, you will feel pain toward the buttocks and in the thigh region. The pain typically stops when at rest.
Arm artery disease
Each arm has a large blood vessel that starts at the shoulder and branches into smaller arteries down the length of the arm toward the hand. If there is a blockage, you may feel pain, numbness or cold fingertips.
Arteriovenous malformation (or AVM)
AVM is a congenital disorder of the veins and arteries that make up the vascular system.
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. This limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and other parts of your body. Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke or even death, and plays a significant role in peripheral vascular diseases.